TRÓPICOS (1967, GIANNI AMICO): UM CASO
PARTICULAR DA RECEPÇÃO DO CINEMA NOVO NA ITÁLIA
Paula Regina Siega
RESUMO:Analisando o filme de Gianni Amico, Trópicos, indicamos de que modo o autor italiano reelabora criativamente as influências do Cinema Novo. Ao aplicar o método de mediação entre estética e história apontado por Jauss na sua teoria da recepção, buscamos delinear a perspectiva histórica com a qual o filme é realizado, sem com isso desconsiderar os seus aspectos formais.
PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Trópicos – recepção – estética – história
EVIDENCE AS BORDER BETWEEN OBSERVATION AND RHETORIC
STUDIES OF RHETORICAL INHERITAGE IN
DISCOURSES OF KNOWLEDGE IN ARGUMENTATION
THEORY EXEMPLIFIED IN CASES OF THE TRANSFERS OF
RHETORICAL TECHNIQUE IN EMPIRICAL EXPERIENCE
ABSTRACT: Terms change meanings as soon as they are used in a specific language, context, discipline, or doctrine. Evidence is one of them. This article claims that evidence is a concept we can communicate universally and consists of three parts for the development of the related discourse. In this article we will in part I examine the conditions and limits the postmodern era offers for evidence in argumentation in texts by thinkers of postmodernity, research, and commentators. In part II we describe the place of evidence in a theoretical rational discipline (rhetoric) focusing on the question how evidence refers to the classical model of argumentation in rhetoric. With a topological model of evidence, we conclude that the evidential argument as a carrier of argumentation can be an oral, written, or sensual experienced, e.g. visual, means and illustrate this in examples that comprises means of evidence and communicative means. Despite the employment of evidence in a variety of fields, we will show that evidence as a concept can de described as reference to sensual experience. In part III we show in examples the conditions and practical application of evidence. We claim that when artificial and technical processes dominate development of knowledge and limit evidential aspects, the obtained knowledge can only be a knowledge that is a reference to the technical process, but lacks evidential authenticity.
KEYWORDS: Studies of Rhetorical – Argumentation Theory – Empirical Experience