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MORTE E VIDA NA ARENA ROMANA: A CONTRIBUIÇÃO
DA TEORIA SOCIAL CONTEMPORÂNEA

Renata Senna Garraffoni e Pedro Paulo A. Funari

RESUMO: Nos últimos anos, no contexto das discussões sobre o caráter heterogêneo e multifacetado das sociedades, o estudo do mundo antigo tem passado por reflexões críticas aos modelos normativos, que tendiam à homogeneidade e à ênfase no consenso social. O estudo dos espetáculos de vida e morte nas arenas romanas mostrou-se campo de reflexão privilegiado para a crítica aos modelos normativos. A partir de estudo de documentação arqueológica original, mostramos como morte e vida assumem contornos pouco usuais, vistos à luz das reflexões epistemológicas recentes.

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Gladiadores – Império Romano – Morte e Vida

ABSTRACT: In the last few years, in the context of discussing the heterogeneous and varied character of social life, the study of the ancient world has been submitted to a critical assessment of normative interpretive models. These models were keen to emphasize homogeneity and social cohesion. The study of Roman shows in the arena is a particularly good subject to criticize normative models. Studying original archaeological evidence, we show how life and death can be interpreted through the lenses of updated epistemological standpoints.

KEYWORDS: Gladiators – Roman Empire – Life and Death