Vol. 16 Year XVI No. 1 - January - June 2019
LABOR PROCESSES, NATURE AND PROPERTY (AMAZON, DECADES OF 1970 AND 1980)
ABSTRACT: This article applies to fundamental and conflict aspects in the formation of property and large estates in the Amazon from practices of forest derogation and the establishment of precarious working relationships in the region during the civil-military dictatorship of 1964. The analyzes here are developed from the documental set of the Labor Justice of the state of Amazonas, focusing on judicial proceedings produced in the 1970s and 1980s by the Conciliation and Trial Board of Itacoatiara. We seek from these labor processes to surprise broad social articulations between the imposition of degrading practices of work and the destruction of nature, in an institutional field marked by the dispute and resistance of workers.
KEYWORDS: Amazon, large estate, labor processes, civil-military dictatorship of 1964
POLITICAL REFLECTIONS OF DELIO CANTIMORI: THE ITALIAN STATE PROJECT AND THE CIVIL FORMATION AS PROBLEMS OF HISTORIC INTERPRETATION
ABSTRACT: This article aims to present the historical and political reflections of Delio Cantimori focused on the relationship between the Italian State and the ethical and moral formation of the people. Considering the ideological changes of the Italian intellectual, first, I seek to present his interpretation of fascist project of society as the true Italian civil revolution, to approach after the political inflection, which Cantimori distanced from the thought Actual idealism and the National Fascist Party, to put his political beliefs in the communist project in the context which he interested about the study of radical political reformers, utopians and Italian Jacobins who acted in the beginning of Risorgimento.
KEYWORDS: Delio Cantimori; Unification of Italy; Fascism; Utopists; Italians Jacobins
PASSION MARCH: HISTORY, RELIGIOSITY AND MUSIC IN SÃO JOÃO DEL-REI
ABSTRACT: This article discusses the historicity of the piece called Passion March. This funeral marching band, suitable for accompaniment at burials and processions, produced at the second half of the 19th century and still performed today at the Descent of the Cross ceremony, during Holy Week in São João del-Rei city. The objective is to reconstitute the elements that have engendered the production of this musical piece, as well as its continuous reappropriation through musical-religious tradition until the present time.
KEYWORDS: Funeral march – band music – memory – São João del-Rei
CENA DE FAMÍLIA DE ADOLFO AUGUSTO PINTO: PORTRAIT OF THE BRAZILIAN CULTURE DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the cultural aspects of Brazil in the 19th century, imprinted in the Cena de Familia de Adolfo Augusto Pinto oil painting by José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior – a Brazilian artist whose paintings are considered striking in the history of visual arts. The study – with bibliographical research – follows the assumption that imagistic productions, made by man from Pre-historic to contemporary periods, are configured as instruments of communication and representation of the world. Therefore, through the inductive analysis of the mentioned pictorial work and the signs expressed in it, it is possible to highlight sociocultural aspects of the period in which it was produced.
KEYWORDS: Culture – Image – José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior
CONTEMPORARY BRAZILIAN EDUCATION AS A SUBJECT OF A FILMIC DEVELOPMENT: CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT THE DOCUMENTARY "PRO DIA NASCER FELIZ" (2007)
ABSTRACT: This article aims to discuss the documentary “Pro dia nascer feliz” directed by João Jardim released in 2007, from the perspective of contemporary Brazilian education. Discussion about the role of public education and quality between Brazilians, whether in the academic field or in the arts, such as the cinema. However, when it comes to raising questions about the topic, the historical aspects of this debate are often overlooked. In this paper we put together History, Cinema and knowledge production with the aim of historicizing the debate on the role of public, universal and secular education.
KEYWORDS: History – Cinema – Historical Constitution of Public Education
NOSTALGIA, UTOPIA AND REGENERATION: CAMELOT 3000’S MIDDLE AGES
ABSTRACT: This article discusses the presence, in the comic book Camelot 3000 (1983-85), of themes from medieval literature, particularly from Thomas Malory’s chivalric romance Le Morte d’Arthur, which Camelot 3000 partly continues and partly adapts. The article argues that the choices involved in this adaptation serve a discourse which is doubly sustained: at one hand, diabolical forces from the Middle Ages amalgamate themselves with the problems of an apocalyptic year 3000, such as concentration camps and science abuse, constituting thereby a single and clearly discernible evil side; this is opposed, on another hand, by miraculous and heroic aspects from the Middle Ages. It is discussed, then, how the discourse thereby produced presents, nostalgically, the return to the Middle Ages as a solution for the evils of the present, of which Camelot 3000’s far future is no more than a mirror.
KEYWORDS: Middle Ages – Comics – Thomas Malory – Camelot 3000
DOSSIER PRESENTATION: HISTORY, LITERATURE AND RELIGION
LETTERS UNDER CROSSFIRE: THE JESUSITS AGAINST THE DUTCH IN BRAZIL
ABSTRACT: The article examines the role of correspondence in the logistics of the Company of Jesus, with emphasis on emergency letters related to the Dutch conquest in Brazil in the seventeenth century, often written by priests imprisoned or exiled by the Dutch. The authors sustain that in this epistolary genre the tone of resistance against the advance of “Calvinist heretics” on Catholic soil prevails, as well as alert against dissident Ignatian. In this sense, the letters of Father Francisco Ferreira on the advance of the Calvinists’ conquest and those that was monitoring the dissident priest Manoel de Moraes stand out. The article underlines, finally, the insertion of this correspondence amidst what could be called the Intelligence Service of the Company of Jesus.
KEYWORDS: Jesuits, Dutch Brazil, Ignatian Correspondence, Jesuit Military Intelligence
THE FIGURE OF A PRIEST AS A LITERARY THEME: FATHER ANTÓNIO VIEIRA IN THE LITERARY FICTION OF BRAZIL
ABSTRACT: Considering literature from the perspective of reception and recreation of historical figures, we will analyse the presence of the figure of Father António Vieira in the literary fiction of Brazil. In doing so, we will focus on the “Mariana Pinta” works by Firmino Rodrigues da Silva, Manuel de Moraes – Crónica do Século XVII, by João Manuel Pereira da Silva, and Boca do Inferno, by Ana Miranda, in order to show how António Vieira is (re)constructed, based on biographical data, as a fictional character.
KEYWORDS: Historical characters, recreation, Father António Vieira, Brazilian literary fiction
SPIRITUALITY AND WRITTEN CULTURE IN THE MODERN IBERIAN WORLD: NOTES ON BERNARDA FERREIRA DE LACERDA’S SOLEDADES DE BUÇACO (1634)
ABSTRACT: This article examines Bernarda Ferreira de Lacerda’s Soledades de Buçaco (1634), an assemblage of narratives in verse on the male Carmelite convent of Santa Cruz do Buçaco. It seeks to understand the ways in which this Portuguese author appropriates aspects of the religiosity and philosophical ideas in the modern Iberian world. The work is also analyzed in relation to sixteenth and seventeenth-centuries written culture, especially with regard to women’s writing, and their institutional and social contexts. The article suggests, even if briefly, the purposes and links that lie behind the making and publishing of the book, as well as how it promotes the Carmelites cult and power.
KEYWORDS: Spirituality – Written culture – Modern Iberian world – Carmelites – Bernarda Ferreira de Lacerd
JESUS CHRIST AMONG HAN RYNER'S LIBERTARIAN ANARCHISM AND PLINIO SALGADO’S SPIRITUALIZING INTEGRALISM
ABSTRACT: The subject of this article discusses the use of the image of Jesus Christ in different ways. For the Integralism of Plínio Salgado, under the motto “God, Fatherland, Family”, Jesus in his divine brightness provides the Integral Man. For Han Rayner’s libertarian anarchism, Jesus was a man who had led a free and wandering life, far from any social bond. Emphasis is placed on reservations and/or adhesions to Nietzschean Christology, extra-moral and averse to all coercions of Christianity. The debate is between the defenses of the individual against the State, on the one hand, and on the other, the submission of the vital forces of the individual in favor of the Integral State. The main source worked on are essays on the life of Jesus.
KEYWORDS: Anarchism, Integralism, Christianity, Jesus Christ, Antichrist
MAGIC, UMBANDA, AND SPIRITUALISM: FICTION, DOCTRINE AND RELIGIOUS IDENTITY IN THE WORK OF LOURENÇO BRAGA
ABSTRACT: In the 1940’, “The Mysteries of Magic” immerged from the author Lourenço Braga. The author dedicated himself to writing bias doctrine about the Umbanda, becoming a part of the new religion intellectuals generation. Therefore, becoming a part of the generation dedicated to making the Umbanda known while giving it an identity, capable of being peculiar amongst an expansive perspective of cultural realities apparently or assumingly having African Roots. In this sense, Lourenço Braga inhabits an interdiscursive space in which the homologies with spiritualism and the dominant religion itself appear to be narrative resources, pointing out the estrangement of African values. Contrary to his explicitly doctrine content, “The Mysteries of Magic” is addressed as a romance. Thus, the constructions of the narrative and of the characters, as well as the values that they embody, show a documental condition in the work, capable of being interrogated by historical-geographical works in search of representations of documented realities. In this specific case, Lourenço Braga refers to values, religious identity projects, and imaginary simplifications that are extremely important to efforts in comprehending the first Umbanda intellectual´s works.
KEYWORDS: Umbanda, Magic, Spiritualism
HOLY SPIRIT, PROPHECY AND FULLNESS IN THE JEWISH SCRIPTURES
ABSTRACT: The Holy Spirit is identified in several key moments of the Hebrew Bible literature. Provides the distinction of Israel, the Jewish and the prophet, of other peoples and people, and therefore is a separator element. Prophetic literature points out, however, a future of redemption, in which everyone will be touched by the Spirit of God. The Spirit, paradoxically, separates and allows transcend the separation. In intertestamental literature it is clear the power of the Spirit to forgive and therefore gather sinners to the righteous. In rabbinic texts, the upper stage in the experience of the Spirit is related “to the world to come”, or the return of Elijah, the advent of the Messiah and the resurrection of the dead, the fullness of the Spirit. Where will be peace, good and salvation, in a universal dimension.
KEYWORDS: Rabbinic Judaism, Holy Spirit, prophecy
PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Judaísmo rabínico – Espírito Santo – Profecia
BARBARA AND YANSÃ IN THE WAR OF THE SAINTS: A WITCHCRAFT STORY BY JORGE AMADO
ABSTRACT: The holy icon of Santa Barbara of the Thunder was boarded a sloop in Santo Amaro da Purificação, at Todos os Santos Bay, towards Salvador to be the main piece in a religious art exhibition. At the market ramp, the icon leaves the litter and becomes Yansã. The orisha had gone to Bahia to make justice and, in order to find her children, she manifests in festivities and candomblé temples. This is the plot of the book The War of the Saints, published by Jorge Amado in 1988. This paper aims to analyze, by means of literature, the African-Brazilian and catholic beliefs related to the worship of both the saint and the orisha in the city of Salvador.
KEYWORDS: Santa Barbara – Yansã – The War of the Saints – Jorge Amado – Bahia
IN ADDITION TO ANGELS AND MEN: THE SINGULARITIES OF A PASTORAL LETTER
ABSTRACT: D. Antonio Mazzarotto was the first bishop of the Diocese of Ponta Grossa (PR) (1930-1965). He published 36 pastoral letters every February 23th. in order to spread his project in his diocese. Involved with a precise spiritual tradition, his discursive representations explain, at the same time, the influence of his religious education and the singular significations of the announced message. In one of these, entitled A Nossa Pátria (1957), argued that if the Redemption has an infinite force, also other worlds and other inhabitants could have received the salvific message and the condition to share the heavenly Jerusalem. D. Antonio played not only with existing or pre-existing rationalities in other orbs, but to unite past, present and future from the perspective of salvation, updated theological and discursively the passion and death of Christ and the redemption “of all universe”.
KEYWORDS: Religiosity-bishops-culture-speech acts
THE GOOD DEVIL IN THE FOLK STRING LITERATURE
ABSTRACT: In the article the author, taking advantage of some excerpts taken out of the string literature of the Northeastern region leaflets, aims at demonstrating that, although the Devil/Demon/Satan is in the Jewish-Christian tradition as a rational, disembodied creature whose aim is evil, it often appears in string literature as a friendly figure, understanding the faces of human failings, sometimes even trying to prevent them from making mistakes and ending up in the overpopulated hell. It seems that popular poets know how to present Devil from a perspective contrary to Christian faith and the Catholic doctrine, almost as a friend of humans, a companion in difficulties and misfortunes of this world. At the same time, causing him without losing the demonic, terrifying qualities, necessary for leading human beings towards conversions, while, at the same time, fulfilling an important function: the one of socializing within the normative Christian framework of traditional creeds inherent to the popular religiosity in the Northeastern region. The sui generis, strong, regional “subculture” of Brazilian Catholicism, still alive today in the lower social strata..
KEYWORDS: Devil, string literature, evil, goodnes
LITERATURE AND RELIGION IN ROSEMARY’S BABY (1967)
ABSTRACT: The objective of this article was to analyze the literary narrative of Rosemary’s Baby, published in 1967 by Ira Levin in the United States, to think about the relations between literature and religion. The book cover the change of Rosemary and Guy Woodhouse to the Bramford Building in New York, where they have contact with a Satanist group that made Rosemary the mother of Satan’s son. For the analysis were used the observations from Michel de Certeau (2006), Roger Chartier (2002) and Danièle Hervieu-Léger (2008), in order to apprehend contextually the religious positions affirmed in the practices and ideas of the characters of the narrative.
KEYWORDS: Literature – Religion – History
RULES OF CHRISTIANS DECORUM AND CIVILITY: TEACH THE GOOD LIVING AND TO EXPRESS THE CHARACTER OF CHRIST
ABSTRACT: The article discusses the book “Rules of Christians Decorum and Civility” by Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, founder of the French religious congregation Institute of the Christian Brothers Schools, pointing its intrinsic communication with the religiosity, starting from a creative language of a certain way of living, and being in the world and as an effective device for the organization of the students reality in the Lassalian Brothers’ schools. The text presents some historical aspects about La Salle, contextualizes the writing of rules and indicates literature that inspired its author, its composition and discusses the religious message that runs through it.
KEYWORDS: Rules of decorum and civility – Manual urbanity – De La Salle Schools – France